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河北师院翻译专业开展小学期实践活动——安远庙小记

发布者:    发布时间:2019-12-06 08:47:41     浏览:

       2019111-15日,澳门新葡8455手机版下载外国语学院翻译专业大二、大三学生举行了为期两周的小学期专业综合实践活动。为提高学生的实践应用能力和创新能力,培养学生具备初步的科研意识,提升学生双语能力和文献检索能力,在学院领导大力支持下,为每个实践组配备一名来自翻译企业的专业指导老师,另外配备一名校内项目指导老师。

 

项目实践组按照调研计划严格执行,通过网上搜索,图书馆资料检索及实地调研,实践组掌握了对调研对象建筑特点、历史沿革等一系列情况,每位组员均需完成各自的调研报告。初步调研报告由校内指导老师把关,最终定稿后再进行文本翻译,专业指导老师则对英文译文进行最终定稿。小学期实践活动的重头戏是汇报展示,需要视频、PowerPoint和宣传手册制作,充分检验了学生的综合能力。


以安远庙调研实践组为例。该实践组由2名大三学生、7名大二学生组成,校内指导老师为语言服务研究所所长蒙永业老师,校外指导老师为中译悦尔(北京)翻译有限公司资深译员马欣老师(CATTI二级笔译)。在蒙永业老师的指导下,实践组进行题材选定、人员分工、角色安排、视频剪辑技术学习、掌握配音技巧、实践报告定稿等,保质保量地完成了任务。在马欣老师指导下,对视频脚本进行最终定稿。安远庙实践组在视频拍摄阶段,筹集来专业摄影摄像设备,把整个小组人员分为场务组、布景组、演员组和导演组,专业感十足。布景组提前到达安远庙找取了视频拍摄的地点。导演组现场编写了视频拍摄脚本,并且确定视频拍摄的角度和方式。采取由外及里的拍摄方式,对安远庙的每一个院落、门楼和石碑进行了拍摄和重点介绍。视频后期制作由赵欣然、张悦用Premiere剪辑工具完成,并由实践组薛一凡、王鑫怡、王俊辉进行配音。项目汇报则由杨楠、杨佳琪完成。


 

 

安远庙实践组全体组员合影
 

 

 澳门新葡8455手机版下载外国语学院翻译专业学生小学期实践活动已实施多年,师生反映效果很好。同学们走出校门深入调研实践对象,汇编实践报告,翻译成文,拍摄实践全过程,将视频剪辑进行外语配音,最终进行结项汇报,充分调动学生的积极性与创造性,对专业能力素质也是一种提升。

 

 

附:安远庙中英文脚本

 

大家好!本次小学期我们调研的景点是承德外八庙之一的安远庙。

Hello everyone! We are going to visit Anyuan Temple, one of eight famous temples in Chengde."

 

我现在所站的地方安远庙的正门。

Now, I am standing at the entrance of Anyuan Temple.

 

安远庙坐落于承德避暑山庄东北方向,武烈河东岸,背靠群山,神秘而幽静。

Anyuan Temple is located in the northeast of Chengde Mountain Resort, on the east bank of Wulie River. This temple is backed by mountains, being mysterious and quiet.

 

安远庙建于250年,是为了安抚从新疆迁到承德的达什达瓦部众而建,为他们进行宗教活动提供了场所。

Anyuan Temple was built about 250 years ago for comforting Dash Dawa people who moved from Xinjiang to Chengde, and providing them a place for religious activities."

 

达什达瓦族之前居住在新疆。1756年,一些达什达瓦部落群众帮助清军击打溃军,导致他们的固尔扎庙被溃军烧毁。

Dash Dawa people used to live in Xinjiang, Northwest of China, and in 1756, some of Dash Dawa people helped the Qing Government’s army to defeat a revolt in Xinjiang, causing their Gulzha Temple be burnt down by the revolt army.

 

1764年,击败溃军后,有功的达什达瓦族全部迁住承德。乾隆考虑到给达什达瓦族提供佛事场所,遂命在武烈河东岸仿建此庙,依照固尔扎庙为原型建造。

After conquering the revolt, the government relocated meritorious Dash Dawa people to Chengde in 1764. Emperor Qianlong considered providing a Buddhist site for Dash Dawa people and accordingly ordered to build Anyuan Temple on the east bank of the Wulie River, with Gulzha Temple as the prototype.

 

安远庙布局呈长方形,寺内分三进院落。第一进院落现已不存在。第二进院落以汉、藏结合的平台门与第一进院落分开。

Anyuan Temple is of rectangle layout, and is divided into three courtyards. Its first courtyard has been ruined already. Its second courtyard is separated from the first courtyard by a platform gate, which is represented as the union of Han people and Tibetan.

 

普度殿作为安远庙的主体结构位于第三进院落。

Pudu Hall is located in its third courtyard, being the main structure of the Temple.

 

普度殿内上下分为三层,平面呈正方形,通高27米。

Pudu Hall is structured in a square base, with three stories aboveground, totally 27 meters high.

 

殿内正中供奉的主尊佛像是绿度母,二层楼上供有三世佛和菩萨像,三层楼上主尊是大威德金刚。

Located on the first floor is a statue of Green Bodhisattva. On the second floor, the statuea include Buddhas of the Past, Present and Future and a Bodhisattva. Yamantaka is the statue on the third floor, and the wall is decorated with Buddhist paintings.

 

接下来,我们请志愿者为我们做一下殿内的介绍。

A volunteer is invited to show us around the temple.

 

绿度母是观世音菩萨的化身,它可以拯救八种苦难,即狮难,象难,蛇难,水难,牢狱难,贼难和非人难。

Green Bodhisattva is the incarnation of Avalokite?vara, who can save people from 8 kinds of disasters from lion, elephant, sneak, water, prison, thief and non-human.

 

我们还了解到,普度殿殿顶是由黑色琉璃瓦构成。接下来我们请志愿者来做一下解说。

The top of the Temple is covered by black glazed tiles, different from the yellow ones in the royal buildings.

 

在中国古代五行说中,黑色主水可用于克火。所以,黑色琉璃瓦是为了避免这座寺庙被大火烧毁。

According to the Chinese Theory of Five Elements, black is the symbol of water, which is against fire. So, the black glazed tiles are used to prevent the Temple from being burnt down again by fire.

 

随着自然、人为因素的影响,安远庙文物古建筑遭受了严重破坏。

Under the impacts from nature and human, the ancient buildings of Anyuan Temple have suffered serious damages.

 

我们做个采访吧。参观完安远庙,您有什么看法吗?

Let’s have an interview. What do you want to say after visiting Anyuan Temple?

 

我觉得这座寺庙的名字中的安远的意思就是安抚远方的人民,这也体现了当时乾隆皇帝对民族团结的一个美好的期待。但是现在庙里很难看到当时的辉煌场景,感觉很可惜,希望这个庙不再被破坏,可以被好好保护吧。

I think, the Chinese meaning of Anyuan in the name of this temple is to appease the people from far away. This also reflects the kind expectation of Emperor Qianlong for national unity. However, it is hard to see the glorious scene at that time any more in this Temple. It is a pity. I hope that this temple will not be destroyed any more, and can be well protected.

 

安远庙作为民族团结统一的象征,它的历史将会被人们铭记。

As a symbol of national unity, the history of Anyuan Temple will be well remembered.

 

安远庙的发展与传承体现了旅游与文化的结合,推动了承德当地旅游文化产业的发展。

The development and inheritance of Anyuan Temple reflect the combination of tourism and culture, and promote the development of Chengde's local tourism and culture industry.


 

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